Plan and take preliminary notes
The lack of a clear outline for a scientific article is the main reason for low productivity. Planning what you are going to present is not preparation for writing an article, but the process of writing it. Planning allows you to decide in advance: how long the article will be, what research it will require, whether it will be a short report or a full-fledged scientific study. The trend in recent years is to write short articles. Brevity is the soul of wit. Put yourself in the reader’s shoes and ask: would you be interested in reading an article of this volume? Best essay writing company BuyEssayOnline.
It is always helpful to represent the audience for the article. If these are sufficiently professional specialists, then it is quite possible not to go into unnecessary details, setting out what they already know. If the article is aimed at a less trained audience, then it is important to provide the necessary explanations that will help non-specialists understand the essence of your research.
The title and summary are the most important in the article
Most readers do not go beyond the article title and abstract. Perhaps this is the only thing that will be read in your article. This is not a reason to get upset, but an incentive to make them as good as possible. The title of the article should reflect the general and specific topic you have covered. It should not be too general, but it should not be too specific, understandable only for narrow specialists. The title is also a method of attracting readers. The abstract should clearly present to the reader what the article is about in several sentences. It is very important to mark the correct keywords by which the article will be searched in electronic databases.
The structure of a scientific article described below corresponds to foreign standards and, in general, differs from the usual for a Russian scientist. More precisely, the structure of scientific articles in our tradition is not as rigidly defined as in English-language journals. To follow it when writing an article for a Russian journal is the choice of the scientist himself, but if he writes an article to a journal included in the Scopus or Web of Knowledge databases, then it is advisable to adhere to the corresponding rules.
The introduction of a scientific article informs the reader of the importance of your research. This part of the article is read, as a rule, by everyone, therefore it is necessary to write it very well. The structure of the introduction could be as follows:
- Start with a brief overview of your article – no more than one or two paragraphs. Here it is necessary to present the main problem or question, the theory for which your article was written. The goal is to confirm that your article has a right to exist, that it is relevant, and also to stimulate the reader to familiarize himself fully with your work.
- Then it is necessary to present in a concise form previous research on the topic you are dealing with, theories related to the research, and highlight the discussion questions that motivated you to write this article.
- Further it is necessary to present your method, the data used, the ways and approaches that helped to answer the question, buy essay writing service to solve the problem.
Thus, the introduction should introduce readers to the problem you are solving, familiarize them with existing theories and approaches about the topic, and clearly show your approach to solving it. In essence, it is a reader’s guide to your article. Don’t make it too long, two or three pages or less is enough.
In this section, you should describe how you conducted your research. In fact, the reader, after reading it, can repeat your method and check your calculations. You must indicate the sources of your data or show how you got it.
In this section, you should describe the analysis you performed and the results obtained. Within the framework of the article, there is no need for a detailed presentation of the course of analysis, placement of intermediate calculations, graphs, and tables. Limit yourself to the most important one that answers the problem stated in the article or the question posed. Here it is necessary to state the main results that you received. There is also no need to provide numerical data directly in the text. Better to use tables.
This part of the article summarizes your research findings and discusses how they help you solve your problem. The limitations of the study are also indicated here.
The purpose of this section of the article is to take a step back and discuss how your results compare with existing theories and research. It is helpful here to reiterate briefly the problem you are investigating and your results in two paragraphs. The presentation of the general discussion should not be protracted – it should not exceed the volume of the introduction.
Links – link to yourself
This section should list the main sources that influenced your ideas for this article. You should not list all the literature that you have read on this topic. It is important to list here your previous work on the problem at hand. This puts your article in the overall context of your research. Therefore, the interested reader can easily refer to them. Modesty is inappropriate here.
Sending a manuscript
It is bad form to send a draft manuscript to a journal in the hope of completing it if the article is approved. A verified and well-formed article makes a favorable impression on both the editor and the reviewers. Here, as they say, they are greeted by their clothes. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully familiarize yourself with the requirements that this or that journal makes to the manuscripts sent to them and scrupulously follow them. If a cover letter is required, it should be as short as possible: the title of the article, the address, or the email of the author.
Understand the reviewer and re-submit the manuscript
Typically, the reviewer asks the author to correct or supplement the article, shorten it, or, more rarely, add argumentation. So that the reviewer does not demand of you, there is one rule here – try to fulfill his requirements. If you do not understand some of the comments, then it is better to contact the reviewer and clarify. Sometimes it happens that the manuscript is recalled, but the reviewer leaves you the opportunity to significantly modify it and send it back to the journal. Here the choice is yours – to rewrite the article or try to send it to another journal.
Having received a list of comments on the manuscript, it is necessary to draw up an action plan – what and how to change, add and rewrite. This outline should be in front of you during your writing session. By the way, on your list of priorities, this job should be at the highest position. Better to put aside all your other writing projects and get the manuscript of the article up and running.
Re-sending the edited article is best accompanied by a detailed letter, where you indicate what changes you made in accordance with the comments and wishes of the editor. It is unlikely that it will be constructive to sharply object to the edits proposed by the editor, and even more so to get personal. You must be as polite and convincing as possible. If some of the amendments seem unacceptable to you, then reasonably state your objections, help me write my essay suggest your version of editing.